過去と向き合う意味 Why an honest deliberation of history is important

Sorry states

夏にベルリンに行き、戦後の処理問題について ドイツと日本の違いを考えていました。戦後のドイツは 隣国と良好な関係を築いたのに 日本は度々 謝罪をしているはずなのに この行為が 必ずと 言って良いぐらい跳ね返るは何故か?
尊敬するリンド教授の本を読み 色々と見えて来ました。簡単に纏めると ドイツは日本と同様戦後間もない時期は 戦争責任と云うより 我が国民の犠牲を中心に考えた。その後、ドイツの隣国は 領土問題に対する危機もなく徐々に歴史と向き合う姿勢を取った。ドイツは正式的な謝罪もなく、償い文化となり、恐ろしい過去を否定する人たちに対して決して許せない環境となった。 日本の場合は 何回も謝罪をされている、相手国はこの謝罪を有難く受けられている。しかし、跳ね返る原因は 謝罪後に必ずと言って良いぐらい否定をする人が出てくる。この否定文化は確かに日本で許されている。領土問題もそうですが・・隣国が 本当に日本を信頼出来るまで ドイツのように戦後は 終わりません。

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Living in Japan, you feel like you are constantly being bombarded with the insensitive gaffes of politicians.
In August I visited Berlin, Germany is not dragging its past around like Japan, it is moving ahead. It made me wonder why as Japan has showed contrition regarding past aggression but every time it offers an apology there is a massive backlash. Why? So I read Jennifer Lind’s book the “Sorry States” and it now clearer. In a nutshell- after the war both Germany and Japan were preoccupied with the sufferings and sacrifices of their own people rather than addressing past aggression. Germany then moved on to confront its past; there were no struggles over territory and any form of denial became an offensive and unforgivable act. So, Germany with no form of formal apology gained the trust of former enemies because they stopped conceiving it as a threat. Japan, has shown contrition and while the apologies have been accepted, the backlash has been caused by constant statements of denial. In comparison to Germany, comments of denial are condoned in Japanese society. The territorial issues have further been a cause to see Japan as a threat. Until a middle road can be established the current status quo will continue and Japan will still exist in the post war era.

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